Bengaluru is located in the state of Karnataka about 920 meters above mean sea level on the Deccan Plateau of South India. It covers an area of 741 sq. km. Bangalore, officially called as Bengaluru, is one of the three (other two Delhi and Mumbai) finest metropolitans in India. It is the most important and busiest part not only for Karnataka but also for the entire Southern India. It serves as the capital city of Karnataka as well as industrial capital.
Bengaluru is referred to as the Garden City of India due to its wide range of gardens and parks throughout the city. Today, Bengaluru is home to many well-recognized colleges and research centres, private industries, software companies, telecommunications, defence organizations, aerospace, etc. Bengaluru is also called as the Silicon Valley of India due to its national leading position in IT Market.
Bengaluru is India’s second fastest growing cosmopolitan city with the rapid growth of numerous industries (specially IT Industries). As a result of vast industrialization for last few years, population rate has also increased rapidly. According to the census report 2011 India, approximately 8,443,675 people reside in Bengaluru Metro city which makes it the third most populated metro city in India.
Rapid population growth and faster growing industrialization does not succeed in making the city polluted like other metropolises of India, because, Bengaluru is greener than other cities of India and the authority body of Bengaluru is determined to keep the city pollution free.
The name “Bangalore” represents an anglicized version of the Kannada language name, “Bengaluru”. The earliest reference to the name “Bengaluru” was found in a ninth-century Western Ganga Dynasty stone inscription on a “vara gallu” (literally, “hero stone”, a rock edict extolling the virtues of a warrior). In this inscription found in Begur, “Bengaluru” is referred to as a place in which a battle was fought in 890 CE. It states that the place was part of the Ganga Kingdom until 1004 and was known as “Bengaval-uru”, the “City of Guards” in Halegannada (Old Kannada).
An apocryphal or a fabricated story recounts that the 12th century Hoysala king Veera Ballala II, while on a hunting expedition, lost his way in the forest. Tired and hungry, he came across a poor old woman who served him boiled beans. The grateful king named the place “benda-kaal-uru” (literally, “town of boiled beans”), which eventually evolved into “Bengaluru”. Suryanath Kamath has put forward an explanation of a possible floral origin of the name, being derived from benga, the Kannada term for Pterocarpus marsupium (also known as the Indian Kino Tree), a species of dry and moist deciduous trees, that grew abundantly in the region.
On 11 December 2005, the Government of Karnataka announced that it had accepted a proposal by Jnanpith Award winner U.R. Ananthamurthy to rename Bangalore to Bengaluru. On 27 September 2006, the Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) passed a resolution to implement the proposed name change. The government of Karnataka accepted the proposal, and it was decided to officially implement the name change from 1 November 2006. The Union government has approved (along with other 12 cities) this request on October, 2014 and Bangalore was renamed to “Bengaluru” on November 1, 2014.
Climate in the city
The climatic characteristic of Bangalore remains a tropical savannah type with a pleasant (especially in winter) temperature throughout the year due to its high elevation. Winter is the best season for tourism in Bengaluru. You will find three major seasons in Bengaluru namely summer, winter and monsoon.
Summer Season in Bengaluru: Summer season of Bengaluru is quite uncomfortable especially from April to May when temperature may reach up to 39°C. Usually, this season remains for a long term from March to June and the temperature levels vary during this season from 24°C to 34°C.
Winter Season in Bengaluru: Winter season (November to mid-February) is very comfortable in Bengaluru. During this season temperature ranges from 12°C to 22°C. If you wish to go Bengaluru then this season is perfect for you. January is the coolest month in the city.
Monsoon Season in Bengaluru: Monsoon season of Bengaluru continues from June to October. This city is influenced by the both wind flaws of Indian usual climate namely the northeast monsoon and the southwest monsoons. The average annual rainfalls of Bengaluru are 86 cm (approx.).
People and their Culture in Bengaluru
According to the census report 2011 India, approximately 8,443,675 people reside in Bengaluru which makes it the third most populous city in India and the 28th most populous city in the world. The people of Bengaluru are known as Bangaloreans. Kannada dialect is the mother-tongue and primary spoken language in Bangalore. Kannada is also the official language of Karnataka. However, most of Bangaloreans are also frequently speak in English and Hindi. Beside of these some other spoken languages are Malayalam, Telugu, and Tamil.
Bengaluru is a city of Hindus predominant from the Indian ancient age. More over 79% of population follow Hinduism as their religion. Islam is another important religion in the city which comprises more than 13% of the city's population. Beside these, some other religions followed by city people are Christianity, Jainism, etc. Bangaloreans celebrate lots of religious festivals throughout the year. Among these, Dasara and Bengaluru Karaga festivals are most popular in the city.
Some other important festivals of Bengaluru are Ganesh Chaturthi, Ugadi, Sankranthi, Eid Ul-Fitr, and Christmas. Kannada film industry is very famous in Bengaluru which produces about 81 Kannada movies per year. The literacy rate of Bengaluru is about 90% and the lifestyle is complementary and the of the city is 10% of Bengaluru’s population lives in slums Bangalorean enjoy a peaceful life compared to other cities in India due to its healthy economy rate.
Attractions & Tourist spots in Bengaluru
Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens
Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens is the most popular tourist spot in Bengaluru. This garden covers an area of about 240 acres including a rare collection of 1854 species of plants. Winter is the best season to visit this garden when lots of lovely flowers blossom. Annually a flower show (January and August) is organized here. This garden is open for all the days in a year and the day timing to visit this garden is 6 am to 7 pm. You have to pay a minimum charge to enter this garden.
Bengaluru Vidhan Sabha
Bengaluru Vidhan Sabha was constructed in 1956 for State Government purpose. It is a four floored building about 46 meters high and the superb architecture of the complex reminds you of the ancient art of Dravidian culture. It also the largest legislative building in India consisting of 300 rooms. The lighting up on every Sunday evening attracted many travelers to this building.
Tipu Sultan's Forts
Tipu Sultan's Forts and Palaces is a historical site which attracted lots of tourists. The fort was constructed by Kempe Gowda during 1537 AD. After some years, during the time period of Tipu Sultan's a beautiful palace was extended which mainly was created by teakwood and decorated with beautiful floral patterns. Another attraction of the fort is a Ganapati temple in the fort.
Cubbon Park is one of the most popular spots in Bengaluru located at Gandhi Nagar. It was built in 1864 by Lord Cubbon with an area of 301 acre. You will find here about 6001 species of plants and lots of building house inside the garden. Some major attractions of the garden are Cheshire Dyer Memorial Hall, Ottawa Chatter, Museum, Century Club and the Press Club.
Ulsoor Lake: There are lots of lakes in Bengaluru namely Ulsoor Lake, Bellandur Lake, Sankey Tank, Madiwala Lake, Lal Bagh Lake and Nagavara Lake, etc. Among these the Bellandur Lake is the largest, covering an area of 1.5 sq km. but the Ulsoor Lake is the most popular in Bengaluru due to its boating facilities. It covers an area of 125 acres on the way of MG Road in East Bengaluru.
Nandi or Bull Temple
Nandi or Bull Temple: You will find lots of religious palace in Bengaluru like Nandi or Bull Temple, Banashankari Temple, Kadu Mallikarjunaswamy, Gavi Gangaderashwara and Iskcon Temple. Nandi Temple is one of the most popular temples in Bengaluru dedicated to lord Shiva. It is located at Basavanagudi.
Bengaluru Iskcon Temple is another important religious place located on Chord Road at Rajajinagar. This temple is dedicated to lord Krishna and it is a great example of Indian rich modern architecture.
Visvesvaraya Industrial and Technological Museum is famous for its technological excellence located on Kasturba Road. It is dedicated to the great architect Sir M. Visvesvaraya. Major attractions of the museum are the mobile science exhibition, exhibitions on electronics, motor power and the uses and properties of wood and metal. This museum is an address of several galleries like, Engine hall Gallery, Electronic Technology Gallery, Paper Metals Gallery, Popular Science and Children’s' Gallery.
Bengaluru Palace is architecture of about 111 years old located at the heart Bengaluru city. It is standing on an area of 45001 sq ft. is a beautiful garden is placed in front of the Palace which gives you an extra attraction.
Government Museum and Venkatappa Art Gallery is a modern creation of Karnataka State Government during 1887. You will find here some rare collections of coins, paintings and many ancient evidence of glorious Karnataka. Some other major tourist attractions in and around Bengaluru are Jawaharlal Nehru Planetarium, St. Marks Cathedral, Bal Bhavan, Bannerghatta National Park, Cutural Centers, Devarayandurga, Dodda Alada Mara, Mekedaatu, Muthyalamaduvu, Nrityagram Village, Ramanagaram, Ramohalli, etc.
How to Reach Bengaluru
Bengaluru transportation is very well connected in the field of communication; airway, railway and roadway. Bengaluru is directly connected to all of major cities of India, like Delhi, Madras, Chennai, Pune, Bombay, Calcutta, etc. Bengaluru Railway Network comes under South Western Railway zone of India. Bengaluru International Airport is used for both domestic and international flights.
Travel by Railways
There are two main rail stations in Bengaluru namely the Bengaluru City Railway Station and Yeswantpur Junction. Bengaluru City Railway Station is located at the heart of the city and it operates all trains (local and long-rooted) arrive/depart to/from the station. Yeswantpur Junction is located on NH No-4 and it operates only the long-rooted trains. Besides these two more railway terminals are located at the city namely these are Bengaluru East Station and Bengaluru Cantonment.
Bengaluru Metro Rail Project (Namma Metro) is under-construction. A new metro root of 7 km long which is connected from Bayappanahalli to MG Road was started for public service from 20th October, 2011. After reaching to the Bangaluru City Railway Station, you can easily make your further journey to your destination with a bus which will be waiting for you just outside the Railway station.
Travel by Roadways
Bengaluru roadway network is very well-connected by several state highway and national highways. The western region of Bengaluru is connected to NH – 4 by the Tumkur Road. The North and south Bengaluru is connected to NH – 7 respectively by Bellary road and Hosur Road. Ring Road is directly connected to the city Coimbatore. Ballapur road is connected to Yelahanka Town, Dasarakalli and the other important parts of Bengaluru.
Bengaluru Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC, govt. service) is the main bus operator which provides lots of local and long root buses. Some other bus operators of the city are Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation, KPN Travels, Durgamba Motors, etc. The most important Bus terminal of Bangaluru located opposite the city railway station. It is called as Kempegowda Bus Station and it operates buses all type of buses.
Travel by Airways
Bengaluru International Airport is the chief airport of the city located in Devanahalli about 41 km away from city heart and about 31 km away from the City Railway Station. It is one of the busiest airports in India which is connected to about 51 destinations across the world including Indian cities. This airport is a host of 10 domestic airlines and 21 international airlines.
The airport operates about 421 flights landing and takes off in a week, among these about 50 are international. Major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Pune, etc directly connected to Bengaluru by all major airlines, after reaching the airport you can hire a car to reach the city hear